A small, but very important gland in the body is the thyroid, which promotes proper organ function throughout the body. Located in the lower, front neck below the voice box, the hormones created by the thyroid regulate metabolism, help the body conserve heat, and transports blood to tissue throughout the body. For patients with a thyroid disorder that isn't improving with medication or cannot be treated with medication, a thyroidectomy can be a treatment option. At Arizona Premier Surgery, our experienced surgeons perform total or partial thyroid removal surgery (thyroidectomy) to treat many thyroid disorders like thyroid cancer, goiters, and hyperthyroidism. To learn more about thyroid surgery to treat your thyroid disorder, please schedule a consultation at our office.
Common Reasons for Surgery
Thyroid cancer is the most common reason a thyroidectomy is performed. The total or partial removal of the thyroid can eliminate cancerous nodules (tumors) that develop on the gland. Benign tumors may also be removed with a thyroidectomy if the nodules become large enough to block the throat or if they cause hyperthyroidism.
A noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid, commonly known as a goiter, can be removed with a partial or total thyroidectomy. Thyroid removal surgery is generally reserved for patients who have large goiters or a goiter that is causing them to have trouble breathing or swallowing.
Hyperthyroidism is a disorder frequently caused by Grave's disease that creates an overactive thyroid gland and produces too much thyroxine. A full or total thyroidectomy can be a good option for patients who cannot take anti-thyroid medication and they don't want to receive radioactive iodine therapy.
A thyroidectomy is performed with the patient under general anesthesia in a hospital or accredited surgical center. A small incision is made in the neck near the thyroid. The surgeon will then be able to remove part or all of the thyroid, which will be biopsied to help determine any future treatment. A partial thyroidectomy may leave enough of the gland to function normally, but total removal will require the patient to take a daily treatment to replace the role of the thyroid.
What to Expect
A full or partial thyroidectomy usually takes about 2 hour and since it is an out-patient procedure, the patient will be able to leave the same day as their surgery to recover at home. Most patients need about 2 weeks for recovery time before they are able to resume their normal activities and daily tasks. Patients should schedule a follow up appointment for 2 weeks after their surgery so the doctor can check their recovery and decide on the next steps in the patient's treatment.
Plan Your Procedure
- Recovery Time
- 2 Weeks
- Average Procedure Time
- 2 Hours
- Post-op Follow-up
- 2 Weeks
- Procedure Recovery Location
Find Your Best Treatment
There are many ways to treat thyroid disorders, so please call to schedule a consultation at Arizona Premier Surgery to learn more about surgical thyroid removal. By understanding the benefits and risks of full and partial thyroidectomy treatment, you can make an informed decision on your best treatment option for your needs and lifestyle.