The coronary artery is the main artery in your chest that delivers blood flow directly to and from the heart. When this blood vessel becomes narrow or blocked due to coronary artery disease or atherosclerosis, the blood flow is obstructed, which increases the risk of a heart attack. Arizona Premier Surgery offers a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, sometimes referred to as open heart surgery, to redirect the blood flow and bypass the obstructed area. One of our skilled surgeons will take a vein from the chest, leg, or arm and use it as a graft to establish a new pathway for the blood to flow, bypassing the obstruction and restoring normal blood flow to the heart to reduce the chances of heart disease.
Common Reasons for Surgery
Coronary Artery Disease/Atherosclerosis
Coronary artery disease, also known as atherosclerosis, refers to the narrowing of the arteries often associated with the buildup of plaque on the inner lining of the coronary artery wall.
Restenosis refers to a reoccurring blockage that has previously been treated with a stent or another less invasive procedure without long-term success. In this case, a coronary artery bypass graft is recommended to offer permanent restoration to the blood flow.
A less common reason for receiving a coronary artery bypass graft, a heart attack can sometimes merit this procedure if the more traditional treatments and procedures are not effective or appropriate for the patient.
About Coronary Artery Bypass
A coronary artery bypass graft procedure is a 2 – 4-hour in-patient surgery that requires a skilled surgeon to make incisions along the chest, open up the sternum, and expose the heart. Once the heart is temporarily stopped, the surgeon will redirect the blood flow in the coronary artery. To bypass the blockage, a vein from the leg, wrist, or chest is used as a graft to divert the blood flow and restore normal circulation. Since the heart is temporarily stopped, the patient will be attached to a bypass machine to ensure regulated blood flow remains throughout the body during the procedure. The surgeon will then close the chest after the blockage is successfully bypassed.
What to Expect
After coronary artery bypass surgery, the patient can expect to be in the intensive care unit (ICU) for 1 – 2 days for regular monitoring to ensure a successful recovery. The patient will then be moved to recover in the hospital for about one week before being cleared for release. Upon being released, at-home recovery will last for about 3 – 4 weeks before the patient can return to normal activities, with a follow up appointment in 4 – 6 weeks.
Plan Your Procedure
- Recovery Time
- 3 - 4 Weeks
- Average Procedure Time
- 2 - 4 Hours
- Post-op Follow-up
- 4 - 6 Weeks
- Procedure Recovery Location
Trust Our Experienced Surgeons
If you’re experiencing symptoms like shortness of breath, severe chest pain, or other signs of coronary artery disease, the skilled surgeons of Arizona Premier Surgery are trained to provide you with the proper surgical procedure to help get you on the road to recovery and prevent further heart damage or attack.