The heart consists of 2 chambers: the upper and the lower chambers. The upper chamber is called the atria. During atrial fibrillation, the signals and electrical impulses that the atria sends to the lower chamber of the heart is out of balance, causing the heart to beat at an abnormal and rapid rate. In some cases, atrial fibrillation is not harmful. However, if the condition persists, it can lead to blood clotting and flow issues, as the heart is pumping at irregular and sporadic rhythms. When this occurs, it is important to contact a medical professional right away, since blood clotting can greatly increase your risk of heart attack and stroke. Arizona Premier Surgery offers highly-advanced atrial fibrillation surgery to greatly reduce the risk of undergoing serious heart or brain complications.
Common Reasons for Surgery
Infection or Disease
When the heart or surrounding areas become affected by infection or disease, such as coronary artery disease or lung disease, the atria’s pathway to the heart can be damaged, causing the blood flow to become irregular.
Faulty Heart Valves
When heart valves suffer from abnormalities, such as narrowing or weakening of the valve openings, the blood flow to and from the heart can be interrupted, making it susceptible to rapid heart contractions and faulty atrial signals.
The excessive use of tobacco, caffeine, alcohol, or repeated exposure to high levels of stress can all affect the way the heart and atria perform, weakening and interfering with its normal rhythm.
About AFib Surgery
If nonsurgical medicinal treatments are not effective, then there are a number of surgical options that can be recommended to treat atrial fibrillation. The most common options are referred to as ablation procedures, which involve incisions along the groin so a skilled surgeon can guide a catheter into the atria. From there, the catheter is charged with electrodes used to destroy the abnormal spots in the blood vessels that are causing the faulty electrical signals and heart contractions, allowing the heart to return to its normal rate of contraction. Another more extensive procedure, referred to as surgical maze procedure, involves the opening of the heart, where a surgeon will carefully make incisions in the heart chamber to create intentional scar tissue that will block the erratic electrical signals from being sent from the atria to the lower chamber of the heart. Again, the heart’s rhythm will be restored. The surgical procedures used to treat atrial fibrillation are typically 2-hour, in-patient operations.
What to Expect
After receiving an atrial fibrillation procedure, the patient can expect a few days to be spent in the hospital under close monitoring, followed by a 1 week recovery at home. A follow up appointment will be scheduled with your surgeon within 4 – 6 weeks after the procedure to ensure proper healing and progress.
Plan Your Procedure
- Recovery Time
- 1 Week
- Average Procedure Time
- 2 Hours
- Post-op Follow-up
- 4 - 6 Weeks
- Procedure Recovery Location
Restore Your Heart
Heart arrhythmias (abnormal heart beats) can lead to serious complications and an increased risk of stroke or life-threatening heart attacks. To restore your heart rhythm and reduce your chances of experiencing further complications, schedule a consultation with our skilled heart surgeons at Arizona Premier Surgery, so we can be proactive and make a positive impact on your health.